Biografia de henri de toulouse lautrec

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Biografia de henri de toulouse lautrec

Wikipedia

(Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec; Albi, Francia, 1864 – Malromé, id., 1901) Pintor, dibujante y cartelista francés. Fue uno de los artistas más representativos de la bohemia parisiense finisecular, cuyos personajes y ambientes reflejó en sus cuadros con una insólita libertada creativa, preludiando las nuevas tendencias del arte contemporáneo.
Comenzó a dibujar en la infancia y posteriormente se formó en academias como las de Léon Bonnat y Fernand Cormon, donde conoció a Émile Bernard, Louis Anquetin y Vincent van Gogh, de quien hizo un excelente retrato (1887, Stedelijk Museum, Ámsterdam). En 1885 abrió un taller en Montmartre y desde entonces se dedicó a la creación pictórica, integrándose plenamente en el ambiente artístico parisino que en aquella época buscaba por diversos medios la superación del impresionismo.
Una de las primeras obras en las que se encuentra ya su propio estilo es La caballeriza del circo Fernando (1888, Art Institute, Chicago), en la que refleja el mundo del espectáculo. Los personajes del cuadro poco tienen que ver con la formación impresionista del artista, pues sus rasgos caricaturizados están más próximos al arte oriental.

henri de toulouse-lautrec posters

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec nació nuna de les más vieyes families de Francia, descendientes por llinia direuta de los condes de Toulouse, que tuvieron hasta’l sieglu XIII ente los más puxantes faudales del reinu. Sicasí, esta rama más xoven, magar el so nome ilustre, vivió como una familia acomodada de l’aristocracia de provincia.
Considérenlu « l’alma de Montmartre », el barriu parisín nel qu’habita. Les sos pintures describen la vida nel Moulin Rouge y n’otros cabarés y teatros montmartrinos o parisinos, asina como nos prostíbulos que frecuenta (y onde pue ser que contraiga la sífilis). Dos de les muyeres conocíes que representó yeren la cantante Yvette Guilbert, y Louise Weber, conocida como la escéntrica « La Goulue », baillarina que crea el « Can-Can ».
A pesar d’una vida curtia y marcada pola enfermedá, la obra del pintor foi bien amplia: el catálogu práuticamente completu de les sos obres, asoleyáu en 1971, fala de 737 pintures, 275 acuareles, 369 litografíes (incluyíos los carteles) y cerca de 5000 dibuxos.

henri de toulouse-lautrec moulin rouge

Comte Henri Marie Raymond de Toulouse-Lautrec-Monfa (24 November 1864 – 9 September 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draughtsman, caricaturist and illustrator whose immersion in the colorful and theatrical life of Paris in the late 19th century allowed him to produce a collection of enticing, elegant, and provocative images of the modern, sometimes decadent, affairs of those times.
Born into the aristocracy, Toulouse-Lautrec broke both his legs around the time of his adolescence and, due to an unknown medical condition, was very short as an adult due to his undersized legs. In addition to his alcoholism, he developed an affinity for brothels and prostitutes that directed the subject matter for many of his works.
After the death of his brother, Toulouse-Lautrec’s parents separated and a nanny eventually took care of him.[7] At the age of eight, Toulouse-Lautrec went to live with his mother in Paris, where he drew sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. The family quickly realized that his talents lay in drawing and painting. A friend of his father, René Princeteau, sometimes visited to give informal lessons. Some of Toulouse-Lautrec’s early paintings are of horses, a specialty of Princeteau, and a subject Lautrec revisited in his «Circus Paintings».[7][8]

toulouse-lautrec syndrome

After the death of his brother, Henri’s parents separated and a nanny eventually took care of him. At the age of eight, Henri went to live with his mother in Paris where he drew sketches and caricatures in his exercise workbooks. The family quickly realized that Henri’s talents lay in drawing and painting. A friend of his father, René Princeteau, visited sometimes to give informal lessons. Some of Henri’s early paintings are of horses, a speciality of Princeteau, and a subject Lautrec revisited in his «Circus Paintings».
In 1875, Toulouse-Lautrec returned to Albi because his mother had concerns about his health. He took thermal baths at Amélie-les-Bains and his mother consulted doctors in the hope of finding a way to improve her son’s growth and development.
Toulouse-Lautrec’s parents, the Comte and Comtesse, were first cousins (his grandmothers were sisters), and he suffered from congenital health conditions sometimes attributed to a family history of inbreeding.
At age 13, Toulouse-Lautrec fractured his right femur. At age 14, he fractured his left. The breaks did not heal properly. Modern physicians attribute this to an unknown genetic disorder, possibly pycnodysostosis (sometimes known as Toulouse-Lautrec Syndrome), or a variant disorder along the lines of osteopetrosis, achondroplasia, or osteogenesis imperfecta. Rickets aggravated by praecox virilism has also been suggested. Afterwards, his legs ceased to grow, so that as an adult he was extremely short (1.42 m or 4 ft 8 in). He developed an adult-sized torso, while retaining his child-sized legs. Additionally, he is reported to have had hypertrophied genitals.

Biografia de henri de toulouse lautrec 2022

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